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American History Connecting with the Past 15 Th Edition By Alan Brinkley – Test Bank

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American History Connecting with the Past 15 Th Edition By Alan Brinkley – Test Bank

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Chapter 2

Transplantations and Borderlands

 

 

Multiple-Choice Questions

 

  1. Seventeenth-century English colonial settlements
  2. were mostly business enterprises.
  3. were tightly controlled by the English government.
  4. were effectively isolated from contact with other nations.
  5. were well-planned and generally quite successful from the start.
  6. maintained the political and social institutions of England.

Answer: A

Page: 35

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. Which of the following does NOT describe the site chosen for the Jamestown settlement?
  2. It was low and swampy and subject to outbreaks of malaria.
  3. It was inland so as to offer security from natives.
  4. It bordered the territories of powerful Indian tribes.
  5. It was surrounded by thick woods.
  6. It was inaccessible by ship.

Answer: E

Page: 35

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The initial Jamestown colonists focused primarily on
  2. the long-term success of the settlement.
  3. building a family-centered community.
  4. developing peaceful relations with the Indians in the area.
  5. the search for gold.
  6. converting the local Indians to Christianity.

Answer: D

Page: 35

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. Captain John Smith helped the Jamestown settlement survive by
  2. waging all-out war with the local Indians.
  3. dividing decision-making authority among the colonists to improve morale.
  4. imposing work and order on the colonists.
  5. introducing tobacco to the colonists.
  6. importing African slaves to rebuild the fort.

Answer: C

Page: 36

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The “starving time” in Jamestown during the winter of 1609–1610 was partly the result of
  2. major fires that ravaged surrounding crop lands.
  3. the extermination of the Indians who used to grow crops.
  4. an influx of rats from settlers’ ships that ate much of the stored grains.
  5. a drought that led to crop failures.
  6. the sinking of the colonists’ supply ship in the Atlantic.

Answer: A

Page: 36

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The first profitable economic development in Jamestown resulted from
  2. the discovery of gold and silver.
  3. fur trade with the Indians.
  4. the production of tobacco.
  5. development of fisheries and lumber.
  6. the cultivation of cotton.

Answer: C

Page: 36

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The cultivation of tobacco around Jamestown resulted in all the following EXCEPT
  2. the rapid wearing out of the soil.
  3. the search for new sources of labor.
  4. rising prosperity for the colony.
  5. improved relations with the local Indians.
  6. the expansion of European settlement into the interior.

Answer: D

Page: 37-38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The Virginia Company developed the “headright” system to
  2. attract new settlers to the colony.
  3. discourage poor people from moving to the colony.
  4. require families to migrate together.
  5. raise revenue from the sale of land.
  6. cause conflict among the neighboring Indian tribes.

Answer: A

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which of the following statements best characterizes the first years of Jamestown’s existence?
  2. A majority of its colonists enjoyed significant economic success.
  3. The settlement was often assaulted by Spanish invaders.
  4. The settlement was notable for its peaceful relations with local Indians.
  5. The settlement was notable for its toleration of political freedom.
  6. The settlement survived despite an enormous loss of life.

Answer: E

Page: 36

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. When the House of Burgesses was created in Virginia in 1619,
  2. it gave settlers full political control of their colony.
  3. landowning women colonists were allowed to vote.
  4. colonists were given a share of local political representation.
  5. it put an end to a violent uprising by disgruntled colonists.
  6. it recommended that Virginia declare independence from England.

Answer: C

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The first blacks imported to Virginia in 1619
  2. may have been considered indentured servants by the colonists.
  3. sparked an immediate rapid stream of African slaves to the British colonies.
  4. were preferred to European indentured servants.
  5. followed Indians into slavery.
  6. arrived as independent landowners.

Answer: A

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The Powhatan Indian Pocahontas
  2. married Englishman John Smith.
  3. was kidnapped by John Rolfe.
  4. created an interest in England in “civilizing” Indians.
  5. was the cause of a war between the Powhatan Indians and Virginian colonists.
  6. refused to convert to Christianity.

Answer: C

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Warfare between Englishmen and Powhatan Indians in Virginia
  2. continued without interruption until the early eighteenth century.
  3. was first triggered by the kidnapping of Pocahontas.
  4. was primarily a result of religious tensions between natives and settlers.
  5. was uncommon until the early eighteenth century.
  6. included an Indian attack on Jamestown that killed hundreds of colonists.

Answer: E

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The Virginia Company
  2. never sanctioned military action against the Native Americans of Virginia.
  3. deeply opposed the importation of Africans to the colonies.
  4. was absorbed by the crown because it was becoming too powerful.
  5. had its charter revoked by James I.
  6. found most of its Virginia ventures to be very profitable.

Answer: D

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. In which area of technology were Indians more advanced than the Virginia colonists?
  2. agriculture
  3. ocean-going vessels
  4. weaponry
  5. tools
  6. animal husbandry

Answer: A

Page: 39

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. In the seventeenth century, English colonists recognized that corn
  2. could only be grown in the New World.
  3. was their most financially valuable crop.
  4. produced yields greater than any of the European grains.
  5. was a particularly difficult crop to cultivate.
  6. could not be grown in the swampy land around Jamestown.

Answer: C

Page: 39

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In its beginning, the Maryland colony
  2. experienced tremendous warfare with local Indians.
  3. allowed no Protestant settlers.
  4. was a refuge for English Catholics.
  5. was led by Captain John Smith.
  6. experienced considerable conflict with nearby French settlers.

Answer: C

Page: 39

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. Which the following statements regarding Sir William Berkeley is FALSE?
  2. He was a dominant political figure in Virginia for more than three decades.
  3. He encouraged Virginia to develop westward.
  4. His relations with Indians were violent and bloody.
  5. He extended political representation for frontier settlers.
  6. He sent explorers across the Blue Ridge Mountains.

Answer: D

Page: 40

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. By 1670, political representation for colonists in Virginia
  2. saw elections take place every two years.
  3. was open to all white men over the age of twenty-one.
  4. had grown more restrictive.
  5. favored western counties over eastern counties.
  6. expanded to include landholding black men.

Answer: C

Page: 40

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. Bacon’s Rebellion
  2. spelled the demise of the Virginia Company.
  3. saw the royal governor of Virginia forced to resign.
  4. spread throughout several colonies.
  5. carried on for several years.
  6. was a conflict between eastern and western political forces in Virginia.

Answer: E

Page: 41

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The suppression of Bacon’s Rebellion helped spur
  2. tobacco production.
  3. slavery in Virginia.
  4. European investment.
  5. the triangular trade.
  6. calls for independence from England.

Answer: B

Page: 41

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. In 1608, Puritan Separatists that left England
  2. sought refuge in Virginia.
  3. emigrated quietly to northern France.
  4. were encouraged by the Church of England to emigrate.
  5. chartered a colony in Plymouth.
  6. could not legally do so without the king’s permission.

Answer: E

Page: 41

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. In 1620, the Puritan Pilgrims who came to North America
  2. intended to settle at Cape Cod.
  3. came over the objections of the Virginia colony.
  4. were seeking to escape military service in England.
  5. hoped to create their ideal close-knit Christian community.
  6. enjoyed a particularly mild winter their first year.

Answer: D

Page: 41

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. During the early years the survival and growth of the Plymouth colony
  2. was due in large part to the assistance of the natives.
  3. led the colonists to grow rich from the surrounding productive farmlands.
  4. saw the colonists carry out warfare that wiped out much of the local Indian population.
  5. nevertheless saw two-thirds of its population die.
  6. was critically important for trade routes with Jamestown to the south.

Answer: A

Page: 42

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. King Charles I’s treatment of Puritans could be characterized as
  2. relatively tolerant.
  3. extremely hostile.
  4. governed by economic motives.
  5. more likely to advance Puritan thought in England.
  6. unlikely to involve imprisonment for religious beliefs.

Answer: B

Page: 43

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. The Puritan merchants who founded the Massachusetts Bay colony
  2. established their capital in Salem.
  3. took over what had been a royal colony.
  4. were led by Miles Standish.
  5. were given their colonial charter by Charles II.
  6. carried out the largest single migration in the seventeenth century.

Answer: E

Page: 43

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. The Massachusetts Bay Puritans
  2. lived as grim and joyless people.
  3. took vows of poverty as evidence of their commitment to their faith.
  4. created a colonial “theocracy.”
  5. fought with the surrounding Indians almost immediately.
  6. introduced freedom of worship to the New World.

Answer: C

Page: 44

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. The Puritan founders in Massachusetts who described their colony as a “city upon a hill”
  2. felt they were creating a holy community that would be a model for the world.
  3. wanted to construct their community on high ground to save it from Indian attacks.
  4. wanted to create a community that would be open to all peoples of all faiths.
  5. sought to create a community in which all people were treated as equals.
  6. wanted to differentiate their community from the materialism and acquisitiveness of New Haven.

Answer: A

Page: 44

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Thomas Hooker is associated with establishing the colony of
  2. Rhode Island.
  3. Vermont.
  4. New Hampshire.
  5. Connecticut.
  6. Maine.

Answer: D

Page: 45

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. One reason Roger Williams was deported from the Massachusetts colony was that he
  2. was a confirmed Separatist.
  3. argued that the colony should maintain allegiance to the Church of England.
  4. said the land occupied by the colonists belonged to the Indians.
  5. attempted to take over the leadership of the colony.
  6. advocated the principle of plural marriage.

Answer: A

Page: 45

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. When it was established in 1644, the colony of Rhode Island
  2. had strong ties to the church in the Massachusetts colony.
  3. organized the first fully democratic government in North America.
  4. had no ties to the Massachusetts colony.
  5. was notable for its religious toleration.
  6. banned Jews from immigrating.

Answer: D

Page: 45

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. In 1638, Anne Hutchinson was deported from the Massachusetts colony because she
  2. was accused of practicing witchcraft.
  3. argued that only the “elect” were entitled to any religious or political authority.
  4. challenged the prevailing assumptions of the proper role of women in society.
  5. was a single mother who refused to marry.
  6. preached against what she called the “Antinomian heresy.”

Answer: C

Page: 45

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Which New England Puritan could LEAST accurately be described as a religious dissenter?
  2. Anne Hutchinson
  3. John Winthrop
  4. Roger Williams
  5. John Wheelwright
  6. Thomas Hooker

Answer: B

Page: 43

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Over time in the seventeenth century, an increasing number of New England Puritans came to view Indian society
  2. with condescending admiration.
  3. with fear and contempt.
  4. as worth preserving.
  5. as part of the godly community.
  6. as helpful neighbors and partners in commerce.

Answer: B

Page: 46

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. In 1637, hostilities broke out between English settlers in the Connecticut Valley and which local Native American tribe?
  2. the Seminoles
  3. the Powhatans
  4. the Sioux
  5. the Wampanoags
  6. the Pequots

Answer: E

Page: 46

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. In King Philip’s War, Indians made effective use of a relatively new weapon, the
  2. flintlock rifle.
  3. matchlock rifle.
  4. repeating revolver.
  5. Gatling gun.
  6. artillery cannon.

Answer: A

Page: 48

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In the 1640s, during the English Civil War, the Cavaliers were
  2. the forces of Parliament, who were largely Puritans.
  3. supporters of King Charles I.
  4. Scottish and Irish gentry desiring to secede from England.
  5. both the forces of Parliament and supporters of King Charles I.
  6. neither the forces of Parliament nor supporters of King Charles I.

Answer: B

Page: 49

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The English Restoration began with the reign of
  2. James II.
  3. Oliver Cromwell.
  4. George I.
  5. Elizabeth I.
  6. Charles II.

Answer: E

Page: 49

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The proprietors who founded the Carolina colony
  2. guaranteed religious freedom to all Christians.
  3. rejected the headright system.
  4. ruled the colony with dictatorial powers.
  5. quickly made it a financial success.
  6. banned the importation of indentured servants.

Answer: A

Page: 49

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The Fundamental Constitution for the Carolina colony
  2. sought to create a society of general equality among Englishmen.
  3. was influenced by the English philosopher John Locke.
  4. initially did not include slavery.
  5. made no provisions for a colonial parliament.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: B

Page: 50

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The development of the Carolina colony was notable in that
  2. the colony was able to attract large numbers of settlers from nearby colonies.
  3. the northern and southern regions were economically and socially distinct from each other.
  4. its economy was grounded in tobacco production.
  5. its founders had discouraged the use of slaves.
  6. it advocated independence from England well before any other mainland colony.

Answer: B

Page: 50

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The New York colony
  2. had its founding proprietors from the Carolina colony.
  3. made a commitment to representative assemblies.
  4. emerged after a struggle between the English and the Dutch.
  5. saw its population grow slowly for its first fifty years.
  6. banned slavery from its inception.

Answer: C

Page: 51

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. Like New York, the New Jersey colony
  2. quickly developed a strong local government.
  3. had few slaves during its early existence.
  4. was characterized by a unified and generally peaceful society.
  5. had great ethnic and religious diversity.
  6. developed an important class of large landowners.

Answer: D

Page: 52

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. Which of the following was NOT a Stuart Restoration colony?
  2. Maryland
  3. Carolina
  4. New York
  5. Pennsylvania
  6. New Jersey

Answer: A

Page: 49

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Unlike Puritans, the Quakers
  2. accepted the concept of predestination.
  3. rejected the doctrine of original sin.
  4. were not persecuted by the English government.
  5. paid their clergy handsomely.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: B

Page: 52

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. In the seventeenth century, English Quakers
  2. granted women a position within the church generally equal to that of men.
  3. had no paid clergy.
  4. were pacifists.
  5. believed all could attain salvation.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: E

Page: 52-53

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. William Penn
  2. was a man of great wealth who converted to Quakerism.
  3. established a moderately successful but never cosmopolitan colony.
  4. suppressed the local Indians in Pennsylvania with a strong military presence.
  5. never visited Pennsylvania.
  6. used unscrupulous and deceptive advertising to attract settlers.

Answer: A

Page: 53

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The colony established by people seeking to separate from Pennsylvania was
  2. Maryland.
  3. New Jersey.
  4. Delaware.
  5. New York.
  6. Kentucky.

Answer: C

Page: 53

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The English colonial settlements in the Caribbean
  2. concluded it was cheaper to buy new African slaves than to protect those they owned.
  3. developed their settlements along the same lines as those of the Chesapeake.
  4. developed significant economic success through the production of tobacco.
  5. had a smaller percentage of slaves than that held by the North American colonies.
  6. were forced to deal with larger native populations than settlements on the mainland.

Answer: A

Page: 56

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. Which of the following was NOT an agricultural technique used for improving the soil?
  2. burning
  3. planting beans
  4. planting tobacco
  5. planting corn and beans together
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: C

Page: 35, 38, 46

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. What became the dominant crop of the Caribbean colonies?
  2. corn
  3. beans
  4. tobacco
  5. sugar
  6. cotton

Answer: D

Page: 54

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. The Spanish colony of New Mexico
  2. was never able to quell the ongoing Pueblo revolt.
  3. added no economic value to the Spanish Empire.
  4. could be considered prosperous only when compared to other borderlands.
  5. contained more than one million Spanish citizens.
  6. included the largest Spanish city in the Americas.

Answer: C

Page: 56

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Georgia was founded
  2. to provide a refuge for Catholics.
  3. to create a military barrier against the Spanish.
  4. to quickly make money for its investors.
  5. by Quaker missionaries.
  6. as a haven for religious dissenters.

Answer: B

Page: 57

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. Originally, the Georgia colony excluded
  2. free Africans.
  3. slaves.
  4. indentured servants.
  5. both free Africans and slaves.
  6. neither free Africans nor slaves.

Answer: D

Page: 59

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. In colonial North America, the “middle grounds” refers to a region in which
  2. no one European or Indian group held a clear dominance.
  3. Indian tribes were largely able to keep European colonists out.
  4. English colonists quickly became the dominant power.
  5. Spanish colonists were long the dominant power.
  6. French colonists managed to hold the balance of power.

Answer: A

Page: 60

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding the Navigation Acts (1660s) is FALSE?
  2. English colonies were closed to all trade except that carried by English ships.
  3. Certain colonial products could be exported only to England.
  4. All European goods sent to the colonies had to pass through England and were subject to taxes.
  5. English colonists could only produce products that were also sold in England.
  6. Duties were imposed on the coastal trade among the English colonies.

Answer: D

Page: 61

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The Navigation Acts enacted by the English Parliament
  2. strangled many colonial American tobacco plantations.
  3. encouraged the colonists to create an important shipbuilding industry of their own.
  4. damaged the business of New England merchants in favor of English merchants.
  5. were passed only through the vigorous political support of Virginian planters.
  6. sought to strengthen the British relationship with the Dutch.

Answer: B

Page: 62

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

  1. The Dominion of New England
  2. preserved existing colonial legislative assemblies.
  3. was called into being by King Charles II.
  4. was limited to what now constitutes New England.
  5. declared the Navigation Acts null and void.
  6. called for a single royal governor.

Answer: E

Page: 62

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

  1. The rebellion led by Jacob Leisler took place in
  2. Rhode Island.
  3. New Jersey.
  4. Massachusetts.
  5. New York.
  6. Connecticut.

Answer: D

Page: 62

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

  1. The Glorious Revolution of 1688–1689
  2. saw an English king, James II, flee to the European continent.
  3. enhanced the influence of Catholicism in England.
  4. helped put in place the Dominion of New England.
  5. kept the English crown among Englishmen.
  6. had no effect on colonial governments.

Answer: A

Page: 62

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

True/False Questions

 

  1. English colonies in the Chesapeake were mostly business enterprises.

Answer: True

Page: 35

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The Jamestown settlement was an instant success.

Answer: False

Page: 35

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. John Smith imposed order on the Jamestown settlement, but he thought it wise not to antagonize local Indians.

Answer: False

Page: 36

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The tobacco culture of Virginia created great pressure for territorial expansion.

Answer: True

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The first Africans to arrive in Virginia in 1619 were likely thought of as indentured servants by the colonists, rather than as slaves.

Answer: True

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The survival of Jamestown was largely a result of the English borrowing from the agricultural knowledge of the Indians.

Answer: True

Page: 35

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. Virginia did not become a royal colony until the eve of the American Revolution.

Answer: False

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The Englishmen who founded Maryland were Puritans, but not Separatists.

Answer: False

Page: 39

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The founders of Maryland encouraged both Protestants and Catholics to migrate to the colony.

Answer: True

Page: 39

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. Like Virginia, Maryland became a center for the cultivation of tobacco.

Answer: True

Page: 40

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. During the middle of the seventeenth century, the right to vote in Virginia was becoming more restricted.

Answer: True

Page: 40

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Bacon’s Rebellion was undertaken to do away with slavery in Virginia.

Answer: False

Page: 41

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Bacon’s Rebellion accelerated the development of slavery in Virginia.

Answer: True

Page: 41

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. White settlers learned crucial agricultural techniques such as annual burning and the planting of beans to keep insect infestations at bay.

Answer: False

Page: 46

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. England’s Caribbean settlements were the main source of slaves for the English colonies of North America.

Answer: True

Page: 56

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. The Mayflower Compact set forth the principles of the Puritan religion.

Answer: False

Page: 41

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

 

  1. James I of England may have believed in the divine right of kings, but he was not particularly harsh in his treatment of Puritans.

Answer: False

Page: 43

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Charles I dissolved Parliament and was later beheaded.

Answer: True

Page: 49

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. Residents of Massachusetts generally had greater freedom of worship than the Puritans had had in England.

Answer: False

Page: 44

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Ministers in the puritan colony of Massachusetts had no formal power.

Answer: True

Page: 44

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Thomas Hooker and Roger Williams were both exiled and executed for their dissent on the major tenets of Puritanism.

Answer: False

Page: 45

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Both the Pequot War and King Philip’s War ended disastrously for the Indians.

Answer: True

Page: 47-48

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Indians using bows and arrows often bested English settlers using matchlock rifles.

Answer: True

Page: 48

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. In the English Civil War, the Cavaliers captured King Charles I and beheaded him.

Answer: False

Page: 49

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

 

 

 

  1. One result of the Stuart Restoration was the development of new colonies in North America.

Answer: True

Page: 49

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. Philosopher John Locke helped draw up the Fundamental Constitution for Carolina.

Answer: True

Page: 50

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The New Jersey colony developed no significant class of large landowners.

Answer: True

Page: 52

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. Quakers is a term applied to a dissenting English Protestant sect, the Society of Friends.

Answer: True

Page: 52

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. During its early years, the Pennsylvania colony often faced financial ruin.

Answer: False

Page: 53

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. Like Pennsylvania, Georgia was founded as a religious colony.

Answer: False

Page: 57

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. California was first colonized by Spain, which used local Indians as its main source of labor.

Answer: True

Page: 56

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. The middle grounds refers in part to areas on the western edges of English colonial settlements.

Answer: True

Page: 60

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. The Navigation Acts were designed primarily to control migration into the Americas.

Answer: False

Page: 61

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

  1. The Navigation Acts were a part of the English mercantile system.

Answer: True

Page: 61

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

  1. The Dominion of New England supported the colonists’ claims for the “rights of Englishmen.”

Answer: False

Page: 62

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

  1. The Glorious Revolution helped to solidify the Dominion of New England.

Answer: False

Page: 62

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

 

Fill-in-the-Blank Questions

 

  1. Captain ________ is associated primarily with the colony of Jamestown.

Answer: John Smith

Page: 36

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. In Jamestown, the winter of 1609–1610 was known as the “________.”

Answer: starving time

Page: 36

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The first truly profitable crop in Virginia was ________.

Answer: tobacco

Page: 36

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. To entice new workers to the colony, the Virginia Company put in place what it called the ________ system.

Answer: headright

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The first meeting of an elected legislature in what is now the United States took place in the Virginia House of ________.

Answer: Burgesses

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The Virginia Colony pursued a two-year campaign of suppression, led by Thomas Dale, against the ________ Indians.

Answer: Powhatan

Page: 38

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The first English colony to establish the principle of religious toleration was ________.

Answer: Maryland

Page: 39

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The royal governor of Virginia who clashed with Nathaniel Bacon was ________.

Answer: William Berkeley

Page: 40

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The conflict between tidewater Virginia and a rising elite to its west was called ________.

Answer: Bacon’s Rebellion

Page: 40

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. The Pilgrims who settled at Plymouth wrote the ________ Compact.

Answer: Mayflower

Page: 42

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. ________, the leader of the Massachusetts Bay colony, sought to have his people serve as a “city upon a hill.”

Answer: John Winthrop

Page: 44

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. The minister ________ is associated with the establishment of Connecticut.

Answer: Thomas Hooker

Page: 45

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Anne Hutchinson preached what her critics considered a heresy and referred to it as _______.

Answer: Antinomianism

Page: 46

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

 

 

 

  1. King Philip was known among his people as ________.

Answer: Metacomet

Page: 48

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. The European weapon quickly appropriated by Indians was the ________ rifle.

Answer: flintlock

Page: 48

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. The founding of Carolina was aided by the English philosopher ________.

Answer: John Locke

Page: 50

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The duke of York became King ________.

Answer: James II

Page: 51-52

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The most cosmopolitan of all the English colonies was ________.

Answer: Pennsylvania

Page: 53

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. The English colony established as a buffer north of Spanish colonial holdings on the Atlantic Ocean was ________.

Answer: Georgia

Page: 57

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. The founder of Georgia was ________.

Answer: James Oglethorpe

Page: 57

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. The most concerted attempt by King James II to consolidate control in North America was called the ________.

Answer: Dominion of New England

Page: 62

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The Glorious Revolution brought ________ to power in England as joint sovereigns.

Answer: William and Mary

Page: 62

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

 

Essay Questions

 

  1. Compare the experiences of the Roanoke colony with those of the Jamestown colony, and explain what factors led to the failure of the former and the eventual success of the latter.

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. What were the critical differences between the English settlements in Virginia and Massachusetts?

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Why did slavery emerge as a major labor source in the North American colonies by the end of the seventeenth century?

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. What role did the Caribbean colonies play in the development of British North America?

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

 

  1. Describe how the relationship between Europeans and Indians changed as a result of colonization.

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

Topic: The Growth of New England

 

  1. Which people, Europeans or Indians, enjoyed greater benefit from the fifteenth- and sixteenth-century exchange of technology of weaponry and agriculture?

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

 

  1. Compare the similarities of and differences between Massachusetts Puritans and Pennsylvania Quakers.

Topic: The Growth of New England

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. What were the major characteristics of the Stuart Restoration colonies?

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

 

  1. What steps did England take to establish greater control over her North American colonies? Why were these steps not always successful?

Topic: The Restoration Colonies

Topic: The British Empire in the Mid-Seventeenth Century

 

  1. Compare the colonization efforts of England and Spain in the New World.

Topic: The Early Chesapeake

Topic: The Growth of New England

Topic: Borderlands and Middle Grounds

Chapter 4

The Empire in Transition

 

 

Multiple-Choice Questions

 

  1. In the years after the Glorious Revolution, political power in England increasingly shifted toward
  2. the monarchy.
  3. Parliament.
  4. the citizens.
  5. the Anglican Church.
  6. the colonial governors.

Answer: B

Page: 99

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. During the first half of the eighteenth century, England’s administration of the colonies
  2. was primarily concerned with checking the growth of New France.
  3. began to assert greater authority over newspapers and public expression.
  4. sought new means to tax American merchants.
  5. was notable for its strict enforcement of trade policies.
  6. was decentralized and inefficient.

Answer: E

Page: 99

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. During the first half of the eighteenth century, royal officials in America
  2. began to increase the presence of British troops in the colonies.
  3. contributed to England’s overall lax control of the colonies.
  4. had no significant influence on colonial finances.
  5. were generally able and honest administrators.
  6. chose Philadelphia as the capital of the colonies.

Answer: B

Page: 100

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. By the 1750s, American colonial assemblies
  2. had claimed the right to levy taxes.
  3. existed only to implement the policies of the English Parliament.
  4. felt little loyalty to the English government.
  5. consisted of colonists all approved by royal governors.
  6. were petitioning the king to charter new colonies to the west.

Answer: A

Page: 100

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. The proposed Albany Plan of 1754
  2. was intended to give the colonies greater independence from royal authority.
  3. recognized the land rights of Indian tribes living within the colonies.
  4. was approved by the colonial assemblies but was vetoed by Parliament.
  5. revealed the difficulties colonies had in cooperating with each other.
  6. attempted to create a united front with New France against Indian attacks.

Answer: D

Page: 100

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. In North American, as a result of the Seven Years’ War, England
  2. lost some of its global commercial supremacy.
  3. granted more political autonomy to the American colonies.
  4. shifted its interest away from the Caribbean colonies.
  5. confirmed its commercial supremacy and increased its political control of the settled regions.
  6. confirmed its commercial supremacy and shifted its interest away from the Caribbean colonies.

Answer: D

Page: 101

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The major participants in the Seven Years’ War in North America were the
  2. colonists, the English, and the Spanish.
  3. French, the colonists, and the Spanish.
  4. Iroquois, the English, and the French.
  5. French, the Spanish, and the English.
  6. English, the Iroquois, and the Spanish.

Answer: C

Page: 101

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In North America during the eighteenth century, French relations with the Indians differed from that of the English in that they
  2. offered the Indians more and better trading goods.
  3. largely isolated themselves from Indian tribes.
  4. were more tolerant of Indian cultures.
  5. made little effort to convert Indians to Christianity.
  6. forced Indians to adjust to European ways.

Answer: C

Page: 101

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. In North America during the eighteenth century, the most powerful native group was the
  2. Iroquois.
  3. Cherokee.
  4. Seminole.
  5. Chickasaw.
  6. Sioux.

Answer: A

Page: 101

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. Through the first half of the eighteenth century, the Iroquois Confederacy formed agreements and traded with
  2. England only.
  3. England, and then France.
  4. both France and England at the same time.
  5. France only.
  6. no European powers.

Answer: C

Page: 102

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The Treaty of Utrecht in 1713
  2. ended King William’s War.
  3. transferred territory from the French to the English in North America.
  4. was a considerable victory for Spain in North America.
  5. slowed England’s western expansion of its American colonies.
  6. transferred territory from the English to the French in the Caribbean.

Answer: B

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

 

 

 

 

  1. King George’s War
  2. inspired the American Revolution.
  3. failed to resolve European conflicts in North America.
  4. was a conflict between England and the Iroquois.
  5. saw English colonists remain out of the conflict.
  6. saw England acquire Newfoundland from the French.

Answer: B

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. In the aftermath of King George’s War
  2. relations among the English, French, and Iroquois deteriorated.
  3. the French moved out of the Ohio Valley.
  4. the Iroquois decided not to grant any future trade concessions to the English.
  5. military activity west of England’s North American colonies steadily declined.
  6. the English abandoned many of their fortresses in the interior.

Answer: A

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The first clash of the French and Indian War took place near what is now
  2. Detroit.
  3. Buffalo.
  4. Pittsburgh.
  5. St. Louis.
  6. Chicago.

Answer: C

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. What future American revolutionary figure surrendered to French forces in 1754 at Fort Necessity in the Ohio Valley?
  2. George Washington
  3. Patrick Henry
  4. James Madison
  5. Benedict Arnold
  6. John Adams

Answer: A

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. During the first stage (1754–1756) of the French and Indian War,
  2. only the Iroquois Indians were allied with the French.
  3. the Iroquois were allied with the English but remained largely passive.
  4. English colonists fought with the support of the Iroquois.
  5. the colonists fought with the French against the English.
  6. the colonists fought primarily against the Iroquois.

Answer: B

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The French and Indian War was fought in
  2. India.
  3. the West Indies.
  4. the North American interior.
  5. Europe.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: E

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. During the third phase of the French and Indian War, British leader William Pitt
  2. ignored the complaints of colonists.
  3. gave more authority to conduct the war over to the colonists.
  4. gradually loosened his tight control over the colonists.
  5. barred the colonists from military service.
  6. allowed Indian tribal leaders to dictate British battle strategy.

Answer: C

Page: 105

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The beginning of the end of the American phase of the French and Indian War was marked by the French defeat at
  2. Montreal.
  3. Quebec.
  4. Ottawa.
  5. Louisbourg.
  6. Fort Necessity.

Answer: B

Page: 105-106

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. According to the terms of the Peace of Paris of 1763,
  2. France surrendered New Orleans and Canada to the British.
  3. England acquired all French naval vessels docked in North American ports.
  4. France ceded Canada and all of its claims to land east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans, to Great Britain.
  5. France agreed to pay England for the cost of the war.
  6. France ceded all of its Caribbean colonies to England.

Answer: C

Page: 106

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. Throughout the French and Indian War, the Iroquois
  2. fought on the side of the French.
  3. allied themselves with the other tribes of the Ohio Valley.
  4. were allied with Britain but took a relatively passive role in the conflict.
  5. resented having to do more of the fighting than did the British regulars.
  6. saw French requisition and impressment policies as necessary.

Answer: C

Page: 107

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. Following the conclusion of the French and Indian War,
  2. most colonists welcomed England’s greater control over their local affairs.
  3. the newly acquired western lands were immediately opened for settlement.
  4. many colonists began to call for full independence from England.
  5. the economy of several American colonies was in ruins.
  6. the Iroquois alliance with the British quickly unraveled.

Answer: A

Page: 107

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. For most Indians in North America, British victory in the French and Indian War
  2. convinced many tribes to cease in their struggle against European expansion.
  3. had disastrous effects on their future.
  4. was cheered only by the Iroquois Confederacy.
  5. led to an improvement in relations with English colonists.
  6. encouraged tribes to join the Iroquois Confederacy.

Answer: B

Page: 107

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The French and Indian War in North America
  2. greatly enriched the English government’s finances.
  3. began a period of almost continual warfare for England.
  4. demonstrated that increasing England’s control over the colonies would not be easy.
  5. led England to conclude that its relationship with the colonies was strong.
  6. led England to conclude that the American colonies were not worth protecting.

Answer: C

Page: 107

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. When George III assumed the throne of England, he
  2. was considered to have a brilliant mind for politics.
  3. was painfully immature.
  4. faced a full rebellion in the colonies.
  5. feared using the authority of his monarchy.
  6. mandated official recognition of the Church of England in all colonies.

Answer: B

Page: 109

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. When he became British prime minister, George Grenville
  2. believed the colonial economies could not weather the cost of the recent war.
  3. criticized William Pitt for being too harsh in dealing with the American colonies.
  4. began a cost-cutting effort by reducing the number of British officials in America.
  5. initially sought to further decentralize government authority in the American colonies.
  6. believed the American colonists had been indulged for far too long.

Answer: E

Page: 109

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Proclamation of 1763
  2. disrupted England’s western trade in the colonies.
  3. was generally effective.
  4. was supported by many Indian tribal groups.
  5. encouraged settlement of the western edge of the colonies.
  6. led to renewed conflict with the remaining French colonists in the west.

Answer: C

Page: 109

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In the 1760s, the Grenville ministry increased its authority in the colonies by
  2. stationing regular British troops permanently in America.
  3. banning political meetings.
  4. closing the port of Boston.
  5. closing newspapers that criticized the English government.
  6. outlawing the Sons of Liberty.

Answer: A

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Sugar Act of 1764 was designed to
  2. damage the market for sugar grown in the colonies.
  3. eliminate the illegal sugar trade among the colonies, the French, and the West Indies.
  4. establish new vice-admiralty courts in America to try accused smugglers.
  5. lower the colonial duty on molasses.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: E

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Stamp Act of 1765
  2. established a royal postal system between the American colonies and England.
  3. required colonists to pay taxes on most printed documents.
  4. replaced the Sugar Act of 1764.
  5. proved to be ineffective, as most colonies refused to accept it.
  6. cost the British government much more money than it made in revenues.

Answer: B

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Paxton Boys and the Regulators both
  2. demanded tax relief.
  3. feared violence from western farmers.
  4. demanded independence from England.
  5. sought to increase the authority of local colonial governments.
  6. demanded the redistribution of the land making up the former French colonies.

Answer: A

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Legislation passed by the Grenville ministry in 1764–1765 adversely affected ________ in America.
  2. New England merchants
  3. southern planters
  4. small farmers
  5. urban workers
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: E

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. Many colonists believed the legislation passed by the Grenville ministry in 1764–1765
  2. showed the British were committed to the long-term success of the colonies.
  3. meant the British were trying to take away their tradition of self-government.
  4. signified that the British finally understood the desires of the colonists.
  5. would have little long-term effect on the economy of the colonies.
  6. would lead to renewed hostilities with Indians in the west.

Answer: B

Page: 111

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Stamp Act of 1765
  2. was consistent with traditional parliamentary efforts to regulate commerce.
  3. placed a heavy financial burden on American colonists.
  4. helped to unite the colonies in opposition to the English government.
  5. required the consent of the colonial assemblies before going into effect.
  6. actually affected only a few New England merchants.

Answer: C

Page: 112

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Who among the following took the lead in protesting against the Stamp Act?
  2. Patrick Henry
  3. Ben Franklin
  4. Samuel Adams
  5. Thomas Jefferson
  6. George Mason

Answer: A

Page: 113

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The “Virginia Resolves” stated that
  2. Virginians should not be required to pay taxes.
  3. the English government had no authority over the economic activities of Virginians.
  4. anyone who supported the right of Parliament to tax was an enemy of the colony.
  5. independence from England was the only solution to the tax crisis.
  6. Virginia must do its part to reimburse England for the cost of colonial defense.

Answer: C

Page: 113

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. British official Thomas Hutchinson
  2. was an early and outspoken supporter of the Stamp Act.
  3. called for suppression of colonial demonstrations.
  4. was murdered during colonial protests against the Stamp Act.
  5. had his home ransacked by anti-Stamp Act demonstrators.
  6. signed his name to the “Virginia Resolves” to support the colonists’ position.

Answer: D

Page: 113

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. In 1766, in response to colonial protests against the Stamp Act, the British government
  2. closed the port of Boston.
  3. attempted to arrest the authors of the “Virginia Resolves.”
  4. created the Currency Act.
  5. sent additional troops to the colonies.
  6. rescinded the Stamp Act.

Answer: E

Page: 113

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Declaratory Act of 1766
  2. caused renewed protests throughout the colonies.
  3. was a sweeping assertion of Parliament’s authority over the colonies.
  4. threatened the colonies with military action should future protests develop.
  5. was an attempt by outgoing minister George Grenville to save face.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: B

Page: 113

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The Mutiny (or Quartering) Act of 1765
  2. required colonists to evacuate their farms to occupying British soldiers.
  3. was regarded by objecting colonists as a form of taxation without consent.
  4. resulted in the killing of several British soldiers by colonists.
  5. allowed British officers to force colonists into military service for England.
  6. declared that all ships in the colonial navy must have a British officer on board.

Answer: B

Page: 114

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The “internal rebellions” involving tenant farmers of the British colonies had their roots in the
  2. presumption that taxation without representation was intolerable.
  3. class system of New England and New York.
  4. French and Indian War.
  5. expansion into western lands.
  6. writings of Ethan Allen.

Answer: B

Page: 114

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Townshend Duties of 1767
  2. constituted a form of taxation quite similar to the Stamp Act.
  3. were ultimately ratified by the New York Assembly.
  4. drew no immediate objection from the colonists.
  5. were withdrawn before they took effect.
  6. were taxes on what Townshend believed to be external transactions.

Answer: E

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Colonial protests directly against the Townshend Duties took the form of
  2. the Boston Massacre.
  3. colonial governments increasing taxes on British merchants.
  4. the banning of British merchant ships from some colonial ports.
  5. colonial nonimportation agreements.
  6. the Boston Tea Party.

Answer: D

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In 1770, the Townshend Duties were ended by
  2. Charles Townshend.
  3. the Marquis of Rockingham.
  4. Lord North.
  5. George III.
  6. Lord Chatham.

Answer: C

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Boston Massacre
  2. was transformed by some colonists into a symbol of British oppression.
  3. resulted in the death of several British soldiers.
  4. led to Paul Revere’s midnight ride of warning.
  5. included a trial in which British soldiers were convicted of murder.
  6. turned Paul Revere into a martyr for the cause of colonial independence.

Answer: A

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The leading colonial figure in the Boston Massacre was
  2. Samuel Adams.
  3. Thomas Jefferson.
  4. Patrick Henry.
  5. James Otis.
  6. George Mason.

Answer: A

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. In the 1760s, “country Whigs” were English colonists who
  2. feared the political protests would damage the long-term profits of America.
  3. considered the British government to be corrupt and oppressive.
  4. defended the British imperial system.
  5. called on King George III to more firmly assert his authority.
  6. believed the political philosophy of John Locke gave too much power to the king.

Answer: B

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. English and American supporters of the English constitution felt it correctly divided power
  2. among the monarchy, the aristocracy, and the common people.
  3. between England and the American colonies.
  4. between the commercial and landholding classes on both sides of the ocean.
  5. between Parliament and the monarchy.
  6. among the monarchy, Parliament, and the courts.

Answer: A

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. In the eighteenth century, the English constitution was
  2. an unwritten document.
  3. difficult to change.
  4. unpopular in both England and America.
  5. believed to be holding back colonial expansion.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: A

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Under the English constitution during the eighteenth century,
  2. only American colonists were denied direct representation in Parliament.
  3. large areas of England had no direct political representation.
  4. all seats in American colonial assemblies were appointed.
  5. each member of Parliament represented a particular geographic area.
  6. the empire was made up of a federation of commonwealths.

Answer: B

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. In the eighteenth century, under the English government’s theory of representation,
  2. the American colonies were represented in Parliament.
  3. each American colony was allowed one non-voting representative in Parliament.
  4. the American colonies had no claim to any political representation.
  5. the king spoke to Parliament on behalf of the American colonies.
  6. the American colonies were represented by the courts.

Answer: A

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Taverns were important in the growth of revolutionary sentiment because
  2. they were the only public places where one could legally speak without fear of arrest.
  3. they become central meeting places to discuss ideas about resistance.
  4. the tavern was one of the few places where men and women gathered together to speak.
  5. colonists increasingly resented the heavy British duties on alcohol.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: B

Page: 122

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Tea Act of 1773
  2. followed a few years of relative calm between England and the American colonies.
  3. lowered the price of tea for American colonists.
  4. was intended to benefit a private British company.
  5. provided no new tax on tea.
  6. All these answers are correct.

Answer: E

Page: 118-119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The colonial boycott of tea in 1773
  2. was based on colonists’ anger at having to pay a new tax.
  3. involved relatively small numbers of people.
  4. was led in large part by women, who were the primary consumers of tea.
  5. had little financial effect on England.
  6. resulted in the arrest of the Daughters of Liberty.

Answer: C

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Boston Tea Party of December 1773
  2. frightened both sides in the conflict and triggered a year of relative peace.
  3. took place in response to Boston’s turning away of several British merchant ships from the harbor.
  4. shocked the other colonies into isolating Massachusetts.
  5. triggered acts of resistance in other colonial cities and took place after Bostonians failed to turn away ships laden with tea.
  6. took place after Bostonians failed to turn away ships laden with tea and shocked the other colonies into isolating Massachusetts.

Answer: D

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

 

 

 

  1. Parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party by
  2. withdrawing its military protection of Massachusetts.
  3. reducing the powers of self-government in Massachusetts.
  4. reducing the geographic size of the colony.
  5. threatening to launch a war against the Massachusetts militia.
  6. repealing the Tea Act.

Answer: B

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Quebec Act
  2. granted political rights to Roman Catholics.
  3. reduced the boundaries of Quebec.
  4. was approved of by most English colonists.
  5. was passed by England to appease the French government.
  6. made the Roman Catholic Church illegal.

Answer: A

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Which of the following statements regarding the Coercive Acts is true?
  2. Massachusetts became politically isolated from the other colonies.
  3. Colonial boycotts decreased.
  4. Massachusetts became a martyr in the cause of resistance.
  5. The acts had little practical effect on the Massachusetts colony.
  6. The acts were basically ignored by other colonial legislatures.

Answer: C

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. In 1774, the First Continental Congress
  2. accepted a plan for a colonial union under British authority.
  3. proposed that the colonies tax themselves at Parliament’s demand.
  4. agreed to end colonial boycotts of British trade.
  5. issued an order for the arrest of all colonists loyal to the king.
  6. called for the repeal of all oppressive legislation passed since 1763.

Answer: E

Page: 123

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. In 1775, the Conciliatory Propositions
  2. called on Parliament to reduce taxes for the sake of colonial peace.
  3. saw Parliament agree to the terms of the First Continental Congress.
  4. were issued as an appeal by the British government to colonial moderates.
  5. temporarily reduced tensions in the colonies.
  6. forced Parliament to send more troops to Boston.

Answer: C

Page: 124

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

  1. At the time of the Battles of Lexington and Concord, General Thomas Gage, the commander of the British garrison in Boston,
  2. considered his army too small to act without reinforcements.
  3. was convinced that Americans would never actually dare to fight.
  4. arrested Sam Adams and John Hancock near Lexington.
  5. offered to resign his command to avoid war.
  6. believed the colonists’ calls for independence were justified.

Answer: A

Page: 125

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

  1. The events of Lexington and Concord
  2. saw the colonists try to surprise the British by seizing a British arsenal.
  3. saw the Americans lose many more men than the British.
  4. occurred before there was a formal American declaration of independence.
  5. was the first victory for George Washington in the conflict with England.
  6. further alienated Massachusetts from the more moderate colonies in the Chesapeake.

Answer: C

Page: 125

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

 

True/False Questions

 

  1. Eighteenth-century parliamentary leaders were less inclined than seventeenth-century English monarchs to exert control over their empire.

Answer: True

Page: 99

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. The character of the royal officials in America contributed to the overall looseness of the British imperial system.

Answer: True

Page: 100

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. Resistance to British imperial authority was centered among associations of western farmers.

Answer: False

Page: 100

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. Prior to the 1760s, cooperation between colonies was not good.

Answer: True

Page: 100

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. Colonial merchants proved their allegiance to the British during the Seven Years’ War.

Answer: False

Page: 107

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. In their competition for the allegiance of native tribes, the English could offer more and better goods than the French.

Answer: True

Page: 101

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. Creole refers to a white immigrant of French descent.

Answer: True

Page: 101

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The British were more tolerant of Indian culture and Indian religions than were the French.

Answer: False

Page: 101

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The Treaty of Utrecht (1713) signaled a rare French victory over the English.

Answer: False

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. In the aftermath of King George’s War (1744–1748), relations among the English, French, and Iroquois in North America rapidly deteriorated.

Answer: True

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

 

 

 

  1. The Peace of Paris (1763) saw the French retain a portion of their holdings on the North American mainland.

Answer: True

Page: 106

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. Following the Seven Years’ War, the British government faced huge problems of imperial organization but had ample funds to deal with those problems.

Answer: False

Page: 107

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. During the Seven Years’ War the colonists evidenced an unwillingness to be taxed by Parliament, but they were not reluctant to tax themselves.

Answer: False

Page: 107

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Proclamation of 1763 decreed that Parliament had the right to pass laws dealing with the colonies.

Answer: False

Page: 107

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. Most Indian tribes were not enthusiastic about the Proclamation of 1763, but many supported it anyway as the best option available to them.

Answer: True

Page: 109

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Currency Act of 1764 gave the colonial legislatures the power to print paper money.

Answer: False

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Paxton Boys and the Regulators were examples of colonists who objected to the Mutiny Act of 1765.

Answer: False

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Despite the flurry of parliamentary legislation after 1763, most colonists found ways either to live with or to get around these laws.

Answer: True

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. In general, the colonists regarded the political burden of the post-1763 imperial program to be worse than the economic burden.

Answer: True

Page: 110-111

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The actual economic burdens of the Stamp Act were relatively light.

Answer: True

Page: 112

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Stamp Act was interpreted by the colonies as a direct attempt by Parliament to raise revenues without the consent of the colonial legislatures.

Answer: True

Page: 112

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Stamp Act was a parliamentary response to colonial objections to the Declaratory Act.

Answer: False

Page: 112

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. When the Stamp Act was repealed, the colonists were left with no real grievances against British authority.

Answer: False

Page: 113-114

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The colonists largely accepted the Townshend Duties, except for the tax on tea.

Answer: False

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Boston Massacre was the British response to the Boston Tea Party.

Answer: False

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

 

 

  1. The Boston Massacre was followed by three years of relative peace and quiet.

Answer: True

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Parliament and the colonial legislatures did not always see eye to eye, but at least they shared a similar understanding about the nature of representative government.

Answer: False

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Massachusetts’s extensive tavern system contributed to the colony’s revolutionary activity.

Answer: True

Page: 122

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Tea Act of 1773 actually reduced the price of tea to colonial consumers.

Answer: True

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Tea Act of 1773 angered colonial consumers, but not colonial merchants.

Answer: False

Page: 118-119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Coercive Acts were first a response to the Boston Massacre.

Answer: False

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. More people were killed in the Boston Tea Party than in the Boston Massacre.

Answer: False

Page: 115, 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Coercive Acts succeeded in isolating Massachusetts as the source of colonial discontent.

Answer: False

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. The First Continental Congress convened before the events at Lexington and Concord in April 1775.

Answer: True

Page: 122

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

  1. The Conciliatory Propositions (1775) proposed that the colonists not be taxed by Parliament, but rather tax themselves at Parliament’s demand.

Answer: True

Page: 124

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

  1. The British move on Lexington and Concord in April 1775 was designed to provoke a major battle and end the war before it could really begin.

Answer: False

Page: 125

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

 

Fill-in-the-Blank Questions

 

  1. The 1754 effort to deal with Indian issues on an intercolonial basis was called the ________.

Answer: Albany Plan

Page: 100

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. During King George’s War, the colonists captured the French fort at ________ on Cape Breton Island, only to be forced to return it to the French during the peace settlement.

Answer: Louisbourg

Page: 103

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The dramatic fall of ________ marked the beginning of the end of the American phase of the Seven Years’ War.

Answer: Quebec

Page: 106

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The treaty that drove the French out of North American lands east of the Mississippi in 1763 was called the ________.

Answer: Peace of Paris

Page: 106

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

 

  1. The Ottawa chieftain ________ struck back at English colonists who sought to move west of the Appalachians following the Seven Years’ War.

Answer: Pontiac

Page: 109

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The parliamentary attempt to restrict westward movement following the Seven Years’ War was called the ________.

Answer: Proclamation of 1763

Page: 109

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. Parliamentary legislation requiring colonists to provision and maintain the British army was called the ________.

Answer: Mutiny Act

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Sugar Act of 1764 created courts called ________ courts, which were designed to deal with accused smugglers.

Answer: vice-admiralty

Page: 110

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. The Virginian who took the lead in protesting the Stamp Act was ________.

Answer: Patrick Henry

Page: 113

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The newly organized Sons of ________ did their best to block enforcement of the Stamp Act.

Answer: Liberty

Page: 113

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The legislation confirming parliamentary authority over the colonies was called the ________ Act.

Answer: Declaratory

Page: 113

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. In 1770 Prime Minister Lord North repealed all of the ________ except the tax on tea.

Answer: Townshend Duties

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The Bostonian who took the lead in fomenting public outrage against the Boston Massacre was ________.

Answer: Samuel Adams

Page: 115

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. In 1772, Samuel Adams proposed the creation of a “committee of ________” to publicize grievances against England.

Answer: correspondence

Page: 116

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. In 1772, angry colonists of ________ set afire and sank the British schooner Gaspée.

Answer: Rhode Island

Page: 118

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The ________ colony had the most elaborately developed tavern culture.

Answer: Massachusetts

Page: 122

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The British Parliament operated on a theory of representation called ________ representation.

Answer: virtual

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The conflict between England and America was made insoluble because of a basic difference of opinion over the nature of ________.

Answer: sovereignty

Page: 117

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. A private company, Britain’s ________ Company, stood to benefit from the passage of the Tea Act of 1773.

Answer: East India

Page: 118

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The ________ Act granted political rights to Roman Catholics.

Answer: Quebec

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Parliament responded to the Boston Tea Party by passing a series of laws called the ________.

Answer: Coercive Acts

Page: 119

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. The architect of the British military move on Lexington and Concord was General ________.

Answer: Thomas Gage

Page: 125

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

 

Essay Questions

 

  1. Why was British rule in the colonies decentralized? What groups benefited from this and how?

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. Up until the 1760s, how did the British governance of the colonies shape the general attitudes of Americans regarding their rights and responsibilities within the British Empire?

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

 

  1. What were the policy differences between Britain’s Navigation Acts (mid-1600s) and the various acts passed after 1763?

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Why did the Navigation Acts not spark colonial rebellion as did the acts passed after 1763?

Topic: Loosening Ties Between Britain and the Colonies

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. What effect did the French and Indian War have on the coming of the American Revolution?

Topic: The Seven Years’ War

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. Describe the origins of the American Revolution.

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

 

 

  1. What new policies affecting the colonies did Parliament adopt following the French and Indian War, and why did it adopt those policies?

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

 

  1. Trace the course and nature of colonial objections to British policies between 1763 and 1775.

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

  1. Select any four colonial leaders and explain the specific role each played in the coming of the American Revolution.

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

  1. Select any four acts of Parliament and explain their effect on the colonies and the nature of the colonial objection to each.

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

 

  1. Was the American Revolution avoidable? What did the British government do that inadvertently encouraged colonial rebellion?

Topic: Growing British Imperialism

Topic: Stirrings of Revolt

Topic: Colonial Cooperation and War

 

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